DISTRICT AT A GLANCE
Location, Area and administrative Division
 

Balasore, the North-Eastern district of Orissa is situated between 20.48 N and 21.59 Latitude and between 86.16 and 87.29 East-Longitude. It is bounded by Bay of Bengal in the East, Mayurbhanj district in the West,  Midnapore (W.B.) district in the North and Bhadrak district in the South. It has a massive coast line of 81 kms. The district head quarter, Balasore is 204 kms from the State Capital, Bhubaneswar.

 

SL. NO.

PARTICULARS

FIGURES IN DETAIL

1

Geographical area

3634.0 Sq Kms

2

Cultivable area

2,69,630 Hects

3

Irrigated area

78,164 Hects.

4

Coast line

81 Kms.

5

Population

23,17,419 (As per 2011 census)

 

Male

11,84,371

 

Female

11,33,048

6

No. of subdivisions

02 (Balasore and Nilgiri)

7

No. of Tahasils

07 ( Balasore, Baliapal, Basta, Jaleswar, Nilgiri, Simulia and Soro)

8

No. of blocks

12     (Bahanaga, Balasore, Baliapal, Basta,    Bhograi, Jaleswar, Khaira, Nilgiri, Oupada, Remuna, Simulia and Soro)

9

No. of Gram panchayats

257

10

No. of villages

2971

11

Major Rivers (5)

Subarnarekha, Budhabalanga, Jalaka, Kansabansa and Sono

12

Communication facilities

Bus, Railway (BBSR to Howrah)

13

Interim Test range (I.T.R)

Chandipur (Sadar block, Srikona G.P.)

 

GENERAL

Geographical area (Sq. Km)

3,706

Latitudes

20.48N 21.59N

Longitudes

86.16E 87.29E

No. of Subdivisions

2

No. of Tahasils

7

No. of Blocks

12

Towns & Urban bodies

4

Gram Panchayats

289(257 old+ 32new)

Villages

2971

Inhabited villages

2602

DEMOGRAPHY (CENSUS 2011)

Population 2011

23,17,419

Population density (persons per Sq km)

609

Sex Ratio (Female per 1000 male)

957

Literacy Rate

80.66%

Male Literacy

88.06%

Female Literacy

72.95%

Children (0-6 years)

2,74,432

Child Sex ratio (0-6 years) 941

Rural

 

Urban

 

Scheduled Caste (SC)

 

Scheduled Tribe (ST)

 

Number of rural families

 

Rural Families Below Poverty Line (BPL) (1999 survey)

 

INSTITUTIONS

ICDS Projects (Integrated Child Development Services)

12

Anganwadi Centres (AWC)

1578

Hospitals (Dist Hqr & Sub-division)

2

CHC (Community Health Centre) & PHC (Primary Health Centre)

3 & 75

ANM Sub-centres (Auxiliary Nurse Midwife)

264

Ayurvedic & Homeopathic Hospitals and Dispensaries

24 & 30

Primary Schools

1507

Middle Schools

856

High Schools

439


 

 

Rural Water & Sanitation

Rural Households having toilets

< 2%

Number of Hand pumps (IMII, IMIII, Tara)

9640

Defunct (out of total above)

625

Population covered with drinking water

85%

Pipe water supply schemes

16 + 32 ongoing

Schools without water supply

1290

 

Climate And Rainfall

 

Climate of the district is generally not with high humidity. May is usually the hottest month. Occurrence of large number of fire accidents is a regular feature of the district during the summer months i.e. April to May. December is the coolest month of the year. The highest maximum temperature recorded at Balasore was 44˚ C on 8.6.98.

          

Monsoon generally commences from 14th June every year. Average rainfall of the undivided district is 1568.4 mm. The rainfall during June to December constitutes at least 75% of the annual rainfall of the district. There are average 62 rainy days in a year in the district. Normal and actual rainfall of Balasore district for the last 18 years is as follows:

 

Year

Normal rainfall 

(in mm.)

Actual rainfall

( in mm.)

Deviation from normal.

1984

1568.4

1534.0

(-)  34.4

1985

1568.4

1753.4

(+) 185.0

1986

1568.4

2022.0

(+) 454.5

1987

1568.4

1059.9

(-) 508.5

1988

1568.4

1696.2

(+) 128.8

1989

1568.4

1640.0

(+) 71.6

1990

1568.4

1905.0

(+) 336.6

1991

1568.4

1512.5

(-) 55.9

1992

1568.4

1624.9

(+) 56.5

1993

1568.4

1967.4

(+) 499.0

1994

1568.4

1781.2

(+) 212.8

1995

1568.4

2203.0

(+) 634.6

1996

1568.4

1410.5

(-) 157.9

1997

1568.4

2232.4

(+) 664.0

1998

1568.4

1608.0

(+) 39.6

1999

1568.4

2186.6

(+) 618.2

2000

1568.4

1492.3

(-) 76.1

2001

1568.4

1828.85

(+) 260.45


 

 

River Systems And Dams

 

The district of Balasore has given ways to the following rivers.

 

·        Subarnarekha

·        Budhabalanga

·        Jalaka

·        Kansabansa

·        Sono

The detail information about these rivers are given below:

       River Subarnarekha

 

Gauge point             :        Rajghat

Warning Level          :        9.45 metre/12.00ft

Danger Level           :        1.56 metre/15.00ft

Highest Level           :        20.80ft(16.10.85) and 12.20 Meters(7.8.98)

 

The river Subarnarekha originates from Chhotnagpur hill of Bihar State and enters Balasore district near Olmara of Jaleswar block. Expect some small strips of embankments the river is mostly without embankments. The river falls in Bay of Bengal near Kirtania of Bhograi block. During flood, large areas of Jaleswar, Bhograi and Baliapal blocks and a small pocket of Basta block are affected.

 

       River Budhabalanga:

Gauge point             :                 Govindapur (N.H.5 Bridge)

Warning level           :                 7.21 Metres/11ft

Danger level            :                 8.13 Metres/14ft

Highest level            :                 9.50 Metres/18.50ft (12.10.73)

(Ever recorded.)

The river originates from Similipal hills of Mayurbhanj district and enters Balasore district near Kalyanpur of Remuna block. There is no flood protection embankment in either side of the river. It falls in to Bay of Bengal near Balaramgadi. During flood, it affects large part of Remuna and Balasore Sadar block. The river is fed by other rivulet like Sono and Gangahara. Some part of Nilgiri block and large areas of Remuna block are being affected due to flood in river Sono and Gangahar.

       River Jalaka:

     It is a small river. Rainwater from Mayurbhanj district is mainly being discharged through this river. The river has no flood gauge. It submerges large areas of Basta block including the Orissa Trunk Road connects Basta with Balasore.

       River Kansabansa:

     It is also a small river having no permanent flood gauge. Irrigation Department however, use to take flood reading from National High Way bridge. It affects some portion of Simulia, Khaira, Soro and Bahanaga blocks. The danger level at Radhabalavpur is 25.3.ft.

       River Sono:

This is a small river. The river has no flood embankment. It falls in the river Budhabalanga near Govindapur village of Remuna block. Some portion of Nilgiri and Remuna blocks are badly affected due to flood in the river.

 

 

 

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