Balasore, the North-Eastern district of Orissa is situated between 20.48 N and 21.59’ Latitude and between 86.16’ and 87.29’ East-Longitude. It is bounded by Bay of Bengal in the East, Mayurbhanj district in the West, Midnapore (W.B.) district in the North and Bhadrak district in the South. It has a massive coast line of 81 kms. The district head quarter, Balasore is 204 kms from the State Capital, Bhubaneswar.
Climate And Rainfall
Climate of the district is generally not with high humidity. May is usually the hottest month. Occurrence of large number of fire accidents is a regular feature of the district during the summer months i.e. April to May. December is the coolest month of the year. The highest maximum temperature recorded at Balasore was 44˚ C on 8.6.98.
Monsoon generally commences from 14th June every year. Average rainfall of the undivided district is 1568.4 mm. The rainfall during June to December constitutes at least 75% of the annual rainfall of the district. There are average 62 rainy days in a year in the district. Normal and actual rainfall of Balasore district for the last 18 years is as follows:
River Systems And Dams
The district of Balasore has given ways to the following rivers.
The detail information about these rivers are given below:
· River Subarnarekha
Gauge point : Rajghat
Warning Level : 9.45 metre/12.00ft
Danger Level : 1.56 metre/15.00ft
Highest Level : 20.80ft(16.10.85) and 12.20 Meters(7.8.98)
The river Subarnarekha originates from Chhotnagpur hill of Bihar State and enters Balasore district near Olmara of Jaleswar block. Expect some small strips of embankments the river is mostly without embankments. The river falls in Bay of Bengal near Kirtania of Bhograi block. During flood, large areas of Jaleswar, Bhograi and Baliapal blocks and a small pocket of Basta block are affected.
· River Budhabalanga:
Gauge point : Govindapur (N.H.5 Bridge)
Warning level : 7.21 Metres/11ft
Danger level : 8.13 Metres/14ft
Highest level : 9.50 Metres/18.50ft (12.10.73)
The river originates from Similipal hills of Mayurbhanj district and enters Balasore district near Kalyanpur of Remuna block. There is no flood protection embankment in either side of the river. It falls in to Bay of Bengal near Balaramgadi. During flood, it affects large part of Remuna and Balasore Sadar block. The river is fed by other rivulet like Sono and Gangahara. Some part of Nilgiri block and large areas of Remuna block are being affected due to flood in river Sono and Gangahar.
· River Jalaka:
It is a small river. Rainwater from Mayurbhanj district is mainly being discharged through this river. The river has no flood gauge. It submerges large areas of Basta block including the Orissa Trunk Road connects Basta with Balasore.
· River Kansabansa:
It is also a small river having no permanent flood gauge. Irrigation Department however, use to take flood reading from National High Way bridge. It affects some portion of Simulia, Khaira, Soro and Bahanaga blocks. The danger level at Radhabalavpur is 25.3.ft.
· River Sono:
This is a small river. The river has no flood embankment. It falls in the river Budhabalanga near Govindapur village of Remuna block. Some portion of Nilgiri and Remuna blocks are badly affected due to flood in the river.
© It is designed and maintained by National Informatics Centre.